تأثیر آموزش تنظیم هیجانی بر راهبردهای ارزیابی مجدد و فرونشانی تجارب هیجانی بیماران قلبی و عروقی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری روان‌شناسی، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: با توجه به نتایج پژوهش­های مختلف در زمینه نقش تجارب هیجانی در بیماری­های قلبی و عروقی، به نظر می­رسد بدتنظیمی هیجانی می­تواند به‌عنوان عاملی مهم در بروز یا تشدید این بیماری­ها مطرح باشد. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر آموزش تنظیم هیجان بر راهبردهای ارزیابی مجدد و فرونشانی تجارب هیجانی بیماران قلبی و عروقی بود.
مواد و روش‌ها: پژوهش حاضر از نوع طرح­های نیمه‌تجربی با پیش­آزمون و پس­آزمون با گروه کنترل است. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل کلیه بیماران قلبی و عروقی شهر کرمانشاه در سال 1397 بودند که از بین آن­ها 30 نفر به‌عنوان شرکت‌کننده به روش نمونه­گیری در دسترس انتخاب و به‌طور تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل انتخاب شدند (هر گروه 15 نفر). مداخله آموزش تنظیم هیجان برای گروه آزمایش در 8 جلسه نود دقیقه­ای اجرا شد در حالی که گروه کنترل در این مدت هیچ‌گونه مداخله­ای دریافت نکرد. به‌منظور جمع‌آوری اطلاعات از پرسش‌نامه­ تنظیم هیجانی (ERQ) استفاده شد. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده­ها از روش تحلیل کوواریانس چندمتغیره استفاده گردید.
یافته‌ها: تحلیل داده‌ها نشان داد که بین میانگین نمره­های پس­آزمون گروه آزمایش و کنترل، تفاوت معنی­داری وجود دارد (0/01>P)؛ بدین معنی که آموزش تنظیم هیجان باعث افزایش راهبرد ارزیابی مجدد و کاهش راهبرد فرونشانی تجارب هیجانی گروه آزمایش نسبت به گروه کنترل شد.
نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج مطالعه حاضر نشان داد که آموزش تنظیم هیجان می­تواند به­عنوان یک مداخله اثربخش با افزیش راهبرد ارزیابی مجدد و کاهش راهبرد فرونشانی تجارب هیجانی زمینه را برای بهبود بیماری­های قلبی و عروقی فراهم سازد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Emotional Regulation Training on Reappraisal and Suppression Emotional Experiences of Cardiovascular Patients

نویسندگان [English]

  • seyed vali kazemi Rezaei 1
  • keyvan kakabraee 2
1 PhD in Psychology, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Psychology Department, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Considering the results of various studies on the role of emotional experiences in cardiovascular disease, it seems that emotional regulation can be an important factor in the occurrence or exacerbation of these diseases. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of emotional regulation training on reappraisal and suppression the emotional experiences of cardiovascular patients.
Materials and Methods: The present study is a semi-experimental project with pre-test and post-test with control group. The statistical population of the study included all cardiovascular patients in Kermanshah in 2018, of which 30 were selected as participants by available sampling method and were randomly selected in two groups of experiments and controls (15 people in each group). The emotion regulation intervention for the experimental group was performed in 8 sessions of ninety minutes, while the control group did not receive any intervention during this period. An emotional adjustment questionnaire (ERQ) was used to collect information. Multivariate analysis of covariance was used to analyze the data.
Results: Data analysis showed that there was a significant difference between the mean post-test scores of the experimental and control groups (P <0.05); this means that emotion regulation training increased the reappraisal strategy and reduced the suppression strategy of the experimental group compared to the control group.
Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that emotion regulation training can serve as an effective intervention by increasing the reappraisal strategy and reducing the suppression strategy of emotional experiences to improve cardiovascular disease.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • emotional regulation
  • Reappraisal
  • Suppression
  • Cardiovascular patient
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