مقایسه اضطراب مرتبط با درد، خودکارآمدی درد و راهبردهای مقابله‌ای در زنان دارای سردرد میگرن و عادی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی روان‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: میگرن در زنان یک مسئله مهم سلامتی به‌شمار می‌رود. پژوهش حاضر با هدف مقایسه اضطراب مرتبط با درد، خودکارآمدی درد و راهبردهای مقابله‌ای در زنان دارای سردرد میگرن و عادی انجام گرفت.
مواد و روش­ها: این پژوهش علی مقایسه‌ای بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش را کلیه زنان مبتلا به سردرد میگرن و کلیه زنان سالم استان کرمانشاه تشکیل می‌دادند. آزمودنی‌های پژوهش 30 نفر از زنان مبتلا به سردرد میگرنی مراجعه‌کننده به کلینیک‌های روان‌پزشکی و مغز و اعصاب استان کرمانشاه بود که به روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب و 30 فرد سالم بود که به شیوه همتاسازی (براساس سن، سطح تحصیلات وضعیت اجتماعی اقتصادی) انتخاب و به پرسش‌نامه‌های اضطراب مرتبط با درد، خودکارآمدی درد و راهبردهای مقابله‌ای پاسخ دادند. داده‌های جمع‌آوری شده نیز با استفاده از ابزارهای آمار توصیفی میانگین و انحراف معیار و آزمون تحلیل واریانس چند متغیره (مانوا) تحلیل شد.
یافته­ها: نتایج نشان داد که زنان دارای سردرد میگرن در میانگین نمرات شناختی، فرار- اجتناب، ترس، فیزیولوژیکی و مقابله هیجان­مدار بالاتر از گروه عادی و در متغیرهای خودکارآمدی، مقابله مسئله‌مدار پایین­تر از گروه عادی بودند (0/001>P).
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به تفاوت زنان دارای سردرد میگرنی در میانگین نمرات شناختی، فرار- اجتناب، ترس و فیزیولوژیکی خودکارآمدی، مقابله مسئله‌مدار و مقابله هیجان‌مدار، به‌کارگیری درمان شناختی رفتاری و آموزش راهبردهای مقابله­ای و مدیریت استرس در قالب کارگاه‌های آموزشی به‌عنوان درمان‌های تکمیلی پیشنهاد می­شود.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Comparison of Pain-Related Anxiety, Pain Self-Efficacy and Coping Strategies in Women with Migraine Headache and Normal

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nilofar Mikaeili 1
  • shirin ahmadi 2
1 Professor of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
2 PhD student of psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Migraines in women are an important health issue. The purpose of this study was to compare pain-related anxiety, pain self-efficacy and coping strategies in women with migraine headache and normal.
Materials and Methods: This research was a causal-comparative study. The statistical population of this study was all women with migraine headache and all healthy women in Kermanshah province. 30 migraine headache patients referred to psychiatric and neurological clinics in Kermanshah province were selected by convenience sampling method. 30 healthy subjects were selected based on their (age, level of education and status Socioeconomics) were chosen and questionnaires anxiety associated with pain, pain self-efficacy and coping strategies responded. The collected data were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics, mean and standard deviation, and multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA).
Results: The results showed that women with migraine headache had a significant difference in mean scores of cognitive, escape-avoidance, fear and physiological, self-efficacy, problem-oriented coping and emotional coping with normal group (P<0/001(.
Conclusion: Considering the difference between women with migraine in the mean of cognitive scores, escape-avoidance, fear and physiological self-efficacy, problem-oriented coping and emotional coping, the use of cognitive-behavioral therapy and teaching coping strategies and stress management in the form of workshops as supplementary therapies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • pain-related anxiety
  • pain self-efficacy
  • Coping strategies
  • Migraine
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