نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: ادراک نادرست وزن و تشخیص‌ندادن اضافه­ وزن/چاقی با تضعیف مدیریت رفتارهای مرتبط باکنترل وزن همراه است. مطالعه حاضر با هدف سنجش دقت وزن ادراک­شده با وزن واقعی و ارتباط آن با شاخص­های آنتروپومتریک منتخب در ­دانشجویان دختر انجام شد.
مواد و روش‌ها: در این مطالعه مقطعی، تعداد 350 نفر از دانشجویان دختر دانشگاه شاهد به شیوه در دسترس و از طریق فراخوان به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. جمع آوری داده ­ها از طریق سنجش­های آنتروپومتریک به همراه پاسخگویی به چند سؤال درمورد نحوه ادراک و سطح دل­ مشغولی نسبت به وزن بدن انجام شد. برای تحلیل داده­ ها از آزمون ضریب همبستگی اسپیرمن استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد 51/43 درصد آزمودنی­ها ادراک نادرستی از وزنشان داشتند. بیشتر این افراد (92/22 درصد) وزنشان را کمتر از حد­واقعی برآورد کرده بودند. میزان 17/14 درصد افراد مبتلا به اضافه­وزن/چاقی، وزن خود را در محدوده طبیعی و 6/29 درصد آزمودنی­ها با وجود چاقی، تصور می­کردند اندکی اضافه‌وزن دارند. همچنین، بین ادراک افراد از وزن بدن خود با شاخص­های تن­سنجی ارتباط معناداری وجود داشت (0/01˂p) و شاخص توده بدنی (739/ 0=r)، شاخص چاقی مرکزی (0/648=r)، شاخص چاقی بدن (0/620 =r)، شاخص حجم شکمی (0/552=r)، شاخص ­دورکمر به قد (0/537=r) و شاخص ­دورکمر (0/533=r) به‌ترتیب بیشترین ارتباط را با ادراک وزن بدن داشتند.
نتیجه‌گیری: میزان ناآگاهی از وزن واقعی بدن در بین دانشجویان دختر نگران‌کننده است. تدوین برنامه­ هایی برای آگاهی­بخشی در مورد وزن طبیعی و اهمیت شاخص­های آنتروپومتریک با هدف مدیریت وزن، ضروری است.

تازه های تحقیق

https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=0bdncWcAAAAJ&hl=en

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/myncbi/collections/mybibliography/

https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=gFQgAFkAAAAJ&hl=en

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/myncbi/collections/mybibliography/

https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=FI0d9hIAAAAJ&hl=en

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/myncbi/ali.samadi.2/bibliography/public/

 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Prevalence of Body Weight Misperception Among Female University Students and its Relationship with Anthropometric Indices: A Concept for Overweight and Obesity Management

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Khalesi 1
  • Esmail Nasiri 2
  • Ali Samadi 2

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Sport Science, Faculty of Humanities, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Sport Science, Faculty of Humanities, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

Introduction: Misperception of body weight and lack of awareness about overweight and obesity are associated with poor weight management behaviors.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study included 350 female students from Shahed University, Tehran, Iran, using a convenience sampling method. Data were collected through anthropometric measurements and self-reported answers regarding weight perception and level of body weight preoccupation. Data analysis was conducted using Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient.
Results: The findings revealed that 51.43% of the subjects misperceived their body weight. Among them, the majority (92.22%) underestimated their weight. Additionally, 17.14% of the overweight and obese subjects perceived their weight to be within the normal range, while 29.6% of obese subjects perceived themselves to be only slightly overweight. Furthermore, there was a significant relationship between body weight perception and anthropometric indices (p<0.01). The body mass index (r=0.739), C-index (r=0.648), body adiposity index (r=0.620), abdominal volume index (r=0.552), and waist-to-height ratio (r=0.537), and waist circumference (r=0.533) had the highest correlation with body weight perception, respectively.
Conclusion: The high rate of unawareness of actual body weight among female university students is alarming. It is, therefore, necessary to develop programs that increase awareness about normal body weight and the importance of anthropometric indices in weight management.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Body weight Perception؛Anthropometry؛Overweight
  • Obesity؛Women
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