1- Rostami A, Zaferanipour F, Ramezanzadeh F, Kazemnejad A. The impact of health education on knowledge, attitude and quality of life in postmenopausal women. Daneshvar journal. 2001; 11 (4): 19-23. (Persian)
2- Ghorbani R, Bahramitabar S, Shahbazi A, Alizade A. The knowledge and practice of women 60-45 years old in Semnan city On health-related issues during menopause in 2013. Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology and Infertility. 2013; 16 (73): 1-8. (Persian)
3- Thulker J, Singh Sh, Sharma S, Thulkar T. Prevantable risk factors for osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Journal Midlife. 2016; 7 (3), 108-113.
4- Finkelstein JS, Brockwell SE, Mehta V, Greendale GA., Maryfran RS, Ettinger B, et al. Bone mineral density changes during the menopause transition in multiethnic cohort of women. The Journal of clinical endocrinology & metabolism. 2008; 93(3): 861 - 868.
5- Iwamoto J, Takada T, Ichemura S. Effect of exercise training on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Journal of orthopedic science. 2001; 6: 128-132.
6- Compston JE., Meconachie C, Stott C, Hannon RA, Kaptoge S, Debiram I, et al. Changes in bone mineral density, body composition and biochemical marker of bone turnover during weight gain in adolescents with sever anorexia nervosa. Journal of osteoporosis international. 2006; 17 (1): 77–84.
7- Moyer VA.Vitamin D and calcium supplementation to prevent fracture in adults. Annuals of Journal medicine. 2013; 158 (9): 691-696.
8-Nazarian AB, Khayambashi K, Rahnama N, Salamat MR. Compare dominant and non-dominant leg bone mineral density football players with non-athletes. Olympic Journal. 2008; 2 (42): 109-116.
9- Rieth N, Courtin D. Nutrition exercise physical mass osseuseune equation atrios in counnes. The Jounal of active physique osteoporose .2005; 24: 69-74.
10- Shahrokhi A. General health status of female workers in Qazvin factories. Jounal of Qazvin university. 2003; 28: 32-36.(Persian)
11- Mahboob S, Zadfarhangi A, Qaemma qami J, Ostadrahimi A. Association of serum parathyroid hormone with nutritional states and body composition in obese and non-obese women. Journal of medicine tabriz university. 2008; 3: 119-123.
12- Compston JE, Wats NB, Chapurlat R, Cooper C, Boonen S, Greenspan S, et al. Obesity is not protective against fracture in postmenopausal women. American journal of medicine . 2011; 124 (11): 1143-1150.
13- Hsu YH, Venners SA, Terwedow HA, Feng Y, Niu T, Li Z. Relation of body composition, fat mass, and serum lipids to osteoporotic fractures and bone mineral density in Chinese men and women. American Journal of clinical nutrition . 2006; 83: 146–154.
14- Ginter E, Simko V. Adult obesity at the beginning of th 21st century: epidemiology, path ophysiology and health risk. Bratisilva medical journal. 2008; 109: 224-230.
15- Truter L, Pienaar AE, Pu toit D. Relationships between overweight, obesity and physical fitness of nine-to twelve-year-old. South African Familly Practice Journal. 2010; 52 (3), 227-233.
16- Reymon CE. Improving clinical decisions for women at risk osteoporosis: Dul femor bone mineral density testing. Journal of the american osteoporosis association. 2008; 108: 289-295.
17- Ganant HK, Njeh CE. Update on diagnosis of osteoporosis. Current orthopedics journal. 1999; 13: 144-155.
18- Tolomio S, Ermolao A, Lalli A, Zaccaria M. The effect of a multicomponent dual modify exercise program targeting osteoporosis on bone health status and physical function capacity of postmenopausal women. Journal Woman Aging. 2010; 22 (4): 241-254.
19- Gomez BA, Aguero AG, Casajus JA, Rodrige. Is bone tissue really affected by swimming? A systematic review. Open Access Journal: peer-reviewed open access scientific journal. 2013; 8 (8): 119.
20- Ebrahim K, Ramezanpoor M, Rezaee Sahraee A. Effect of Eight Weeks of Aerobic and Progressive Exercises on Changes of Estrogen Hormone and Effective Factors on Bone Mass in Menopaused Sedentary Women. Iranian Journal of endocrinology and metabolism .2010; 12 (4): 401-408. (Persian)
21- Pereiraa A. B., Costab, A. M., Palmeira, A. O., Soares, J., Monteirob, M., & Williamsi, J.H.H. (2016). The effects of combined training on bone metabolic markers in postmenopausal women.Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31: 157-151.
22- Martyn M, James ST, Carroll S. Effect of different impact exercise modalities bone mineral density in premenopausal women. Journal Bone mineral metabolism 2010; 28: 251-267.
23-Hosseini E, Kashef M, Noorozian M.Comparison of bone mineral density in postmenopausal women with and without weight bearing sport athletes. Journal of biological sciences sport. 2013; 6 (4): 467-4810. (Persian)
24 - Lin CF, Hung TH, Tu KC, Lin LL, Tu YH, Yong RS. Accute effects of poliometric. jumping and intermittent running on serum bone markers in young males. Europen Journal american applied physiology. 2012; 112: 1475-1484.
25- Hinton PS, Rector RS, Tomas TR. Weight-bearing, aerobic exercise increases markers of bone formation during short-term weight loss in overweight and obes men and women. Journal of metabolism clinical and exprimental. 2006; 55, 1616-1618.
26- Shibata Y, Ohsava I, Watanabe T, Miura T, Sato Y. Effects of physical training on bone mineral density and bone metabolism. Journal of physiologycal anthropology and applied human science 2003; 22: 203-208.
27- Strong EJ. Effects of different jumping programs on hip and spine bone mineral density in pre menopausal women (doctoral dissertation). Brigham Young University, Retrieved from http:// scholas archive. byu. edu/ etd. 2004.
28- Ghashlaqchai Z, siah kohian M, Nakhostin Rohi B. Investigating and comparing the effect of two types of 8 weekly activity on bone mineral density in femur and waist of inactive female students of Namin city.Thesis of Master science . University of Mohaghegh Ardabili - Faculty of Education and Psychology. Sport science. 1392.(persian)
29- Baecke j, Burema j, Frijters j. A short questionnaire for the measurement of habitual physical activity in epidemiological studies. American j clin Nutr. 1982; 36 (5): 936-942.
30- Jacson AS, Polleck ML. Practical assessment of body composition. The Journal of hysician and sport medicine 1985; 13 (5): 76.
31- WHO Technical Report series. Assessment of fracture risk and its application to screening for postmenopausal osteoporosis. Geneva: WHO, 1994.
32- Kelly GA. Earobic exercise and bone density at the hip in postmenopausal women : a meta analyes. International Journal of Preventive Medicine.1998; 27 (6): 798-807.
33- Tam CS, Heersche JN, Murray TM, Parsons JA. Parathyroid hormone stimulates the bone apposition rate independently of its resorptive action: differential effects of intermittent and continuous administration. Endocrinology. 1982; 110 (2): 506–512.
34- Linda L, Lin S, Hesieh S. Effect of strength and endurance exercise program and calcium regulatig hormones between different levels of physical activity. Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology 2005; 5: 267-275.
35- McCarthy I. The physiology of bone blood flow: A review. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006; 88(3):4-9.
36- Andreoli T, Carpenter CH, Griggs R,Benjamin I, Cecil essention of medicine: Desease of of mineral metabolism and conective tissue. Hwshmati P translator. Tehran andishe rafi publication.2007; (Persion)
37- Skerry TM. The response of bone to mechanical loading and disuse: fundamental principles and influences on osteoblast/ osteocyte homeostasis. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2008; 473 (2): 117-123
38- Beavers DP, BeaversKM , Loeser RF, WaltonNR, LylesMF, NicklasBJ, Shapses SA, Newman JJ, Messier SP. The independent and combined effects of intensive weight loss andexercise training on bone mineral density in overweight and obese older adults with osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. 2014; 22 (6):726-733.
39- Adriana A. Exercise, osteoprotegerin and bone metabolism. Palestrica of the Third Millennium Civilization & Sport (2016); 17 (3): 224-228.
40- Natalie E. Silverman AE, Barbara J. Nicklas AE, Alice S. Addition of Aerobic Exercise to a Weight Loss Program Increases BMD, with an Associated Reduction in Inflammation in Overweight Postmenopausal Women. Ryan Calcif Tissue Int. 2009; 84 (4): 257–265.
41- Frost HM. The role of changes in mechanical usage set points in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. J Bone Miner Res. 1992; 7 (3): 253-61.