عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Background and purpose: Pain relief is a basic need and right of any patient as well as a priority in nursing. However, postoperative pain control have been inadequate for years with no significant progress. This research was intended to deter mine the effect of nurses' pain management or reducing patients' abdominal postoperative pain.
Methods and Materials: In this quasi-experimental study, deta collection instruments were pain and demographic information questionnaire and a visual scale for pain control (0-10). Samples were surgery candidates at Sabzevar Emdad Hospital in Sabzevar, Iran, selected in a one-month period by poisson distribution and their specifications. Control group sampling was done with 65 patients and demographic data were gathered. Before intervention, the vital signs charts were corrected in patients' recordings by adding "pain" as fifth vital sign so that it is measured every time other vital signs are controlled; for each pain scale, appropriate interrentions were considered. Interventions included 3 sessions of 45-60 minutes training and orientation for nurses to perform pain management program. Designed care giving was conducted for 60 experimental patients for one month. Then their pain scores were measured. The obtained data were analyzed using chi-square.
Results: The findings revealed that patients experienced less pain 72 hours after surgery in comparison with the first 24 hours; so that within 72 hours of hospitalzation after intervention, 38.6% of the patients scaled 3-5 degrees of pain and in the first 24 hours after interrention, 41.7% of the patients expressed very severe pain scores of 8-10.
Conclusion: The study findings indicated that, nurses ' pain management can lead to appropriate and timely pain control in postoperative abdominal patients.