الگوی ساختاری تنظیم شناختی هیجان براساس کیفیت خواب با نقش واسطه‌ای رضایت زناشویی در زنان مبتلا به سندرم پیش از قاعدگی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای ،گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه الزهرا، تهران، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: سندرم پیش از قاعدگی یکی از مشکلات شایع زنان است و باعث بعضی تغییرات جمسانی و روانی در زنان می‌شود. این پژوهش با هدف بررسی الگوی ساختاری تنظیم شناختی هیجان براساس کیفیت خواب با نقش واسطه‌ای رضایت زناشویی در زنان مبتلا به سندرم پیش‌قاعدگی انجام شد.
مواد و روش‌ها: روش پژوهش حاضر از نوع همبستگی با استفاده از معادلات ساختاری بود. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه زنان با تشخیص ابتلا به سندرم پیش از قاعدگی در سال 1398 و 1399 شهر کرمانشاه بود که تعداد 380 نفر از آنها که به درمانگاه تنظیم خانواده شهر کرمانشاه مراجعه کرده بودند با روش نمونه‏گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. ابزارهای پژوهش شامل پرسش‌نامه‏های تنظیم هیجانی (گرنفسکی و همکاران، 2001)، کیفیت خواب (پیتزبورگ، 1989)‌ و پرسشنامه رضایت زناشویی (اینریچ، 1989) بود که داده‌ها با روش همبستگی اسپیرمن توسط نرم‌افزار SPSS-21  و LISREL تجزیه‌وتحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: این پژوهش بر وجود یک الگوی رابطه معنادار مستقیم بین راهبردهای تنظیم شناختی- هیجانی و کیفیت کلی خواب در زنان مبتلا به سندرم پیش از قاعدگی حکایت دارد و همچنین کیفیت خواب به‌طور مستقیم و با واسطه رضایت زناشویی به‌صورت غیرمستقیم می‌تواند پیش‌بین مناسبی برای تنظیم شناختی هیجان در زنان مبتلا به سندرم پیش از قاعدگی باشد.
نتیجه‌گیری: می‌توان گفت کیفیت خواب و رضایت زندگی زناشویی می‌تواند نقش مهمی در تنظیم شناختی هیجان در زنان مبتلا به سندرم پیش از قاعدگی داشته باشد..

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Structural Model of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Based on Sleep Quality with Mediating Role of Marital Satisfaction in Women with Premenstrual Syndrome

نویسندگان [English]

  • robab sarchami 1
  • shirin koshki 2
  • Shokouh-ul-Sadat bani jamali 3
  • anita Baghdasarians 2
1 PhD Student. Department of Psychology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor. Department of Psychology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor. Department of Psychology, Al-Zahra University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Premenstrual syndrome is one of the most common problems in women and causes some physical and psychological changes in women. This study was conducted to examine the structural pattern of cognitive emotion regulation based on sleep quality with the mediating role of marital satisfaction in women with premenstrual syndrome.
Materials and Methods: The method of the present study was correlational using structural equation modeling. The statistical population included all women diagnosed with premenstrual syndrome in 1398 and 1399 in Kermanshah, of which 380 people who were referred to the family planning clinic in Kermanshah were selected by convenience sampling method. The research instruments included the emotional regulation questionnaire (Garnefsky et al., 2001), Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire (Enrich), and the sleep quality index (Pittsburgh, 1989). The data were analyzed by the Spearman correlation method using SPSS-21 and LISREL software.
Results: This study indicates the existence of a significant direct relationship between cognitive-emotional regulation strategies and overall sleep quality in women with PMS and also the quality of sleep directly and indirectly through marital satisfaction can be a good predictor for cognitive regulation of emotion in women with premenstrual syndrome.
Conclusion: It can be said that sleep quality and marital life satisfaction can play an important role in the cognitive regulation of emotion in women with premenstrual syndrome.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Emotion regulation: Premenstrual syndrome: Sleep quality
  1. Chumpalova P, Iakimova R, Stoimenova-Popova M, Aptalidis D, Pandova M, Stoyanova M, et al. Prevalence and clinical picture of premenstrual syndrome in females from Bulgaria. Annals of general psychiatry. 2020;19(1):1-7.
  2. Liu Q, Wang Y, Van Heck CH, Qiao W. Stress reactivity and emotion in premenstrual syndrome. Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment. 2017;13(1):1597-1602.
  3. Eggert L, Kleinstäuber M, Hiller W, Witthöft M. Emotional interference and attentional processing in premenstrual syndrome. Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry. 2017;54:77-87.
  4. Karimian Kakolaki Z, Gerayllo S, Heidari F, Motaghi B, Sharifi F. Path analysis to determine the relationship between marital dissatisfaction, premenstrual syndrome and emotional dimension of quality of life in women. Journal of Community Health Research. 2018;7(3):140-146.
  5. Ghaffarilaleh G, Ghaffarilaleh V, Sanamno Z, Kamalifard M, Alibaf L. Effects of yoga on quality of sleep of women with premenstrual syndrome. Altern Ther Health Med. . 2019; 12(5):40-47.
  6. Erbil N, Yücesoy H. Relationship between premenstrual syndrome and sleep quality among nursing and medical students. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care.  2020; 55(3):1-8
  7. Conzatti M, Perez AV, Maciel RF, De Castro DH, Sbaraini M, Wender MC. Sleep quality and excessive daytime sleepiness in women with Premenstrual Syndrome. Gynecological Endocrinology. 2021 3;37(10):945-949.
  8. Mohammadi B, Soleymani A. Early maladaptive schemas and marital satisfaction as predictors of marital commitment. International Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2017;11(1):16-22.
  9. Otero MC, Wells JL, Chen K-H, Brown CL, Connelly DE, Levenson RW, et al. Behavioral indices of positivity resonance associated with long-term marital satisfaction. Emotion. 2020;20(7):12-25.
  10. Karimiankakolaki Z, Mazloomy Mahmoodabad SS, Heidari F, Gerayllo S, Khabiri F. The Relationship between Premenstrual Syndrome and Womenâ s Marital Satisfaction. Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health. 2019;7(2):1630-1635.
  11. Acikgoz A, Dayi A, Binbay T. Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and its relationship to depressive symptoms in first-year university students. Saudi medical journal. 2017;38(11):11-25.
  12. Foster R, Vaisberg M, Araújo MPd, Martins MA, Capel T, Bachi ALL, et al. Relationship between anxiety and interleukin 10 in female soccer players with and without premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia. 2017;39(11):602-607.
  13. Prasad D, Wollenhaupt-Aguiar B, Kidd KN, de Azevedo Cardoso T, Frey BN. Suicidal risk in women with premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Women's Health. 2021;30(12):1693-707.
  14. Aperribai L, Alonso-Arbiol I. The role of mental health variables and coping strategies in premenstrual syndrome. Health care for women international. 2020;41(3):368-379.
  15. Miota P, Yahle M, Bartz C. Premenstrual syndrome: a bio-psycho-social approach to treatment. Menstruation, Health, and Illness: Taylor & Francis; 2019;22(4):143-152.
  16. Salehi A, Baghaban I, Bahrami F, Ahmadi SA. Relationships between cognitive emotion regulations strategies and emotional problems with regard to personal and familial factors. Family Counseling and Psychotherapy. 2011;1(1):1-19.
  17. Mansouri A, Mokhayeri Y, Mohammadi Farrokhran E, Tavakkol Z, Fotouhi A. Sleep quality of students living in dormitories in Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) in 2011. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology. 2012;8(2):82-90.
  18. Arab Alidousti A, Nakhaee N, Khanjani N. Reliability and validity of the Persian versions of the ENRICH marital satisfaction (brief version) and Kansas Marital Satisfaction Scales. Health and Development Journal. 2015;4(2):158-167.
  19. Meers JM, Nowakowski S. Sleep, premenstrual mood disorder, and women’s health. Current opinion in psychology. 2020;34(1):43-49.
  20. Chehri A, Khazaie H. Frequency of sleep disorders among women with premenstrual dysphoric disorder in Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, 2011. Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. 2013;17(4):131-138.
  21. Mishra A, Banwari G, Yadav P. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder in medical students residing in hostel and its association with lifestyle factors. Industrial psychiatry journal. 2015;24(2):150-157.
  22. Farahani LA, Heidari T, Narenji F, Jafarabadi MA, Shirazi V. Relationship between pre menstrual syndrome with body mass index among university students. Hayat. 2011;17(4):85-95.
  23. Wu M, Liang Y, Wang Q, Zhao Y, Zhou R. Emotion dysregulation of women with premenstrual syndrome. Scientific reports. 2016;6(1):1-10.
  24. Gronewold J, Haensel R, Kleinschnitz C, Frohnhofen H, Hermann DM. Sleep-disordered breathing in hospitalized geriatric patients with mild dementia and its association with cognition, emotion and mobility. International journal of environmental research and public health. 2019;16(5):1-18
  25. Dennerstein L, Lehert P, Heinemann K. Global study of women's experiences of premenstrual symptoms and their effects on daily life. Menopause international. 2011;17(3):88-95.
  26. Graham BM, Denson TF, Barnett J, Calderwood C, Grisham JR. Sex hormones are associated with rumination and interact with emotion regulation strategy choice to predict negative affect in women following a sad mood induction. Frontiers in psychology. 2018;9(1):937-948.
  27. Amiri S, Isazadegan A. Modeling the structure of the relationship between emotion regulation difficulties, positive and negative affect sleep quality. Armaghane danesh. 2017;22(2):242-54.
  28. Karami J, Momeni K, Alimoradi F. The Relationship Between Sleep Quality with Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies and Brain-Behavioral Systems in Pregnant Women. Avicenna Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Care. 2018;26(4):219-226.
  29. Zare M, Rezaei AM. Mediating Role of the Cognitive Emotional Regulation for Personality Characters and Marital Satisfaction. 2016;14(1):91-102.
  30. Schrank B, Brownell T, Tylee A, Slade M. Positive psychology: An approach to supporting recovery in mental illness. East Asian Archives of Psychiatry. 2014;24(3):95-103.
  31. Morvati Sma, Karimiankakolaki Z, Bokaie M, Fallahzadeh H, Mirrezaei S. Frequency of marital dissatisfaction in couples with wives who suffer from premenstrual syndrome in the city of Yazd. 2014; 10 (2) :315-325 
دوره 29، شماره 4
مهر و آبان 1401
صفحه 576-590
  • تاریخ دریافت: 27 آبان 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 18 بهمن 1400
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 13 اسفند 1400
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 15 شهریور 1401