تأثیر روش ذهن‌آگاهی بر بهزیستی و کنترل هیجانی زنان باردار نخست‌زا

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه علوم تربیتی، واحد تهران مرکز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 استاد، گروه علوم تربیتی، واحد تهران مرکز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

3 استاد، گروه روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: بارداری تغییرات قابل‌‌ملاحظه‌ای را در سلامت جسمی، هیجانی و بهزیستی زنان ایجاد می‌کند. بنابراین، این مطالعه با هدف اثربخشی آموزش ذهن‌آگاهی بر بهزیستی و کنترل هیجانی در بین زنان باردار نخست­زا در سال 98 انجام ‌شده است.
مواد و روش‌ها: این تحقیق شبه‌آزمایشی و از نوع پیش‌آزمون و پس­آزمون بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش کلیه زنان باردار نخست­زا (۲۶= n) در منطقه 1 شهر تهران که به‌صورت هدفمند از بین زنان باردار نخست­زای مراجعه‌‌کننده در سال ۱۳۹۸ به بیمارستان نیکان انتخاب شدند هستند و به‌صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آموزش ذهن‌آگاهی (۱۶= n) و کنترل (۱۱= n) جایگزین شدند. جلسات ذهن‌آگاهی ۸ جلسه، یک روز در هفته و روزانه 90 دقیقه در مرکز آموزشی نیکان برگزار شد. درحالی که گروه کنترل، هیچ آموزشی دریافت نکردند. جمع­آوری داده­ها از پرسش‌نامه­های مقیاس بهزیستی ریف (۱۹۸۹)، مقیاس کنترل هیجانی راجر و نشوور (۱۹۸۷) استفاده شد. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده­ها با کمک نرم‌افزار  spss24 آزمون‌ تحلیل آنکوا انجام شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس نشان داد تفاوت نمره بهزیستی پس‌آزمون بین گروه‌های ذهن‌آگاهی و کنترل معنادار می‌باشد. در واقع آموزش ذهن‌آگاهی بر بهزیستی و کنترل هیجانی زنان باردار نخست­زا، تأثیر داشت (0/001 >p). نتایج آزمون پیگیری، حاکی از تداوم اثر مداخلات بر بهزیستی و کنترل هیجان بود.
نتیجه‌گیری: با در نظر گرفتن تأثیر آموزش ذهن‌آگاهی بر بهزیستی و کنترل هیجانی زنان باردار نخست­زا توصیه می‌گردد این مداخلات در گروهی از مادران که از لحاظ بهزیستی در شرایط حساسی قرار دارند به‌کارگرفته شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Mindfulness Training on well-being and Emotional Control of Nulliparous Pregnant Women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Vida Derakhshanpour 1
  • Hasan Pashasharifi 2
  • Parvin Kadivar 3
1 Ph.D. candidate, Department of Educational Psychology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen Branch, Roudehen, Iran
3 Professor, Educational Psychology, Central Tehran Branch. Islamic Azad University and Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Pregnancy creates considerable changes in the physical, emotional, and well-being of women. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of mindfulness training on the well-being and emotional control of pregnant women, and pregnant mothers in 2019.
Materials and Methods: This study was quasi-experimental with pre-test and post-test types. The statistical population of this study was all pregnant women (n = 26) in region 1 in Tehran in 2019, and sample was purposefully selected from nulliparous pregnant women, who had been referred to the Nikan Hospital. Participants were randomly assigned to mindfulness training (n = 16) and control (n = 11). An eight-session mindfulness program was conducted at the Nikan training facility, once a week, for 90 minutes. While the control group did not receive any training. Data were collected from Reef's Welfare Scale Questionnaire (1989), and Roger & Nesshoever Emotion Control Scale (1987). As part of the analysis, SPSS 24 was used to run ANCOVA and Covariance Analysis tests.
Results: A covariance analysis test has shown that there was a difference between scores of well-being and emotional control among mindfulness training and in the control groups in the post-test phase.  There was a positive effect of mindfulness training on well-being and emotional control among pregnant women (p<0.001). According to the follow-up test, the interventions continued to affect well-being and emotional control.
Conclusion: Pregnant women at risk are advised to use mindfulness training interventions as a means to improve their well-being and emotional control.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Emotional Contro l
  • Mindfulness training
  • Nulliparous pregnant women
  • Well-being,
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دوره 29، شماره 4
مهر و آبان 1401
صفحه 449-460
  • تاریخ دریافت: 01 دی 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 03 اسفند 1400
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 04 اسفند 1400
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 15 شهریور 1401