نقش ساختار انگیزشی و کارکردهای اجرایی در وسوسه‌های جایگزین جذاب

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مشاوره، گروه مشاوره، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، ایران

2 استادتمام گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه مشاوره، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، ایران

4 دانشیار گروه مشاوره، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: افراد جذاب به‌سختی نادیده گرفته می‌شوند. توجه به افراد جذاب، انگیزه ارتباط بیشتر را ایجاد می‌کند و این مسئله ممکن است در نهایت تهدیدی برای ثبات رابطه زناشویی باشد. پژوهش حاضر، نقش ساختار انگیزشی و شناختی در وسوسه توجه و ارتباط با جایگزین‌های جذاب در افراد متأهل را بررسی کرده است..
مواد و روش‌ها: جامعه آماری، زنان و مردان متأهل شهر مشهد بودند که به‌صورت هدفمند انتخاب و پرسش‌نامه‌های پژوهش را که به‌صورت آنلاین بود، تکمیل کردند. تعداد 200 نفر معیارهای پژوهش را به‌دست آوردند و پرسش‌نامه‌ها را تکمیل کردند و نتایج براساس رگرسیون چندگانه سلسله‌مراتبی انجام شد..
یافته‌ها: نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه سلسله‌مراتبی نشان داد که از بین متغیرهای جمعیت‌شناختی، جنسیت توانست اقدام به روابط فرازناشویی را پیش‌بینی کند؛ به گونه‌ای که مردان بیشتر از زنان دچار وسوسه جایگزین جذاب و اقدام به روابط فرازناشویی می‌شدند. همچنین متغیرهای حافظه، کنترل مهاری، برنامه‌ریزی و انگیزش انطباقی پیش‌بینی معنی‌داری از متغیر وسوسه رابطه فرازناشویی ارائه دادند.
نتیجه‌گیری: به نظر می‌رسد با افزایش توانمندی‌های شناختی و ساختار انگیزشی فوق، میزان مقاومت در برابر وسوسه‌های ارتباط با جایگزین‌های جذاب در افراد متأهل بیشتر کنترل می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Motivational Structure and Executive Function in Attractive Alternative Temptations

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam alsadat Fakhri 1
  • javad salehi fadardi 2
  • seyed ali kimiaee 3
  • Hossein Kareshki 4
1 PhD Student in Counseling, Department of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
2 Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
3 Associate Professor, Department of Counseling and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
4 Associate Professor, Department of Counseling and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
چکیده [English]

Introduction: It is hard to ignore attractive people. Paying attention to attractive individuals is a criterion that can estimate further motivation to make extramarital relationships. This whitethorn a threat to the stability of the marital relationship. The present study aimed to investigate the role of motivational and cognitive structure in the temptation to pay attention and communicate with attractive alternatives in married individuals.
Materials and Methods: With an available sampling method, the statistical population of the present study has consisted of married men and women who completed research questionnaires in an online design. That is, two hundred individuals met the research criteria and completed the questionnaires and the results were based on hierarchical multiple regression.
Results: The results of hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that among the covariate variables, gender was able to predict extramarital relationships. However, men were more inclined than women to be tempted by attractive alternatives and engage in extramarital affairs. In addition, the variables such as memory, inhibitory control, planning, and adaptive motivation provided a significant prediction of the temptation variable of extramarital relationships.
Conclusion: Based on the results of the present study, it appears that improving cognitive abilities (e.g., executive functions) and motivational structure, improve the degree of resistance to the temptations to make extramarital relationships with attractive alternatives.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Attractive Alternative
  • executive functions
  • Extramarital Relationships
  • Motivational structure
  • Temptation
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دوره 29، شماره 4
مهر و آبان 1401
صفحه 517-530
  • تاریخ دریافت: 31 فروردین 1401
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 24 خرداد 1401
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 25 خرداد 1401
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 15 شهریور 1401