مقایسه اثربخشی درمان وجودی و درمان مبتنی بر شفقت بر بهزیستی روان‌شناختی و آشفتگی زناشویی زنان متعارض

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مشاوره، گروه مشاوره، واحد بجنورد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بجنورد، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه مشاوره، واحد بجنورد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بجنورد، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه علوم تربیتی و مشاوره، دانشگاه بجنورد، بجنورد، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: درمان وجودی به بررسی آگاهی انسان از خود و توانایی او در نگریستن به ماورای مشکلات خویش و مسائل وجودی می‌پردازد. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی مقایسه اثربخشی درمان وجودی و درمان مبتنی بر شفقت بر بهزیستی روان‌شناختی و آشفتگی زناشویی زنان متعارض انجام گرفت.
مواد و روش‌ها: طرح پژوهش نیمه‌آزمایشی و از نوع پیش‌آزمون، پس‌آزمون و پیگیری با گروه کنترل بود. جامعه پژوهش شامل تمام زنان متأهلی بود که به دلیل اختلافات زناشویی در شش‌ماهه اول سال 1398 به مراکز مشاوره شهرستان سبزوار مراجعه کرده بودند و از میان آنها 45 زن به‌صورت دردسترس انتخاب شدند. گروه آزمایشی به‌مدت 8 جلسه درمان هفتگی 90 دقیقه‌ای تحت درمان قرار گرفت و گروه گواه طی این مدت هیچ مداخله‌ای دریافت نکرد. ابزار پژوهش پرسش‌نامه، آشفتگی زناشویی اشنایدر (1997) و مقیاس بهزیستی روان‌شناختی (1989) بود. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون تحلیل واریانس با اندازه‌گیری مکرر و آزمون تعقیبی بن فرونی استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد تأثیر درمان وجودی بر بهزیستی روان‌شناختی بیشتر از درمان مبتنی بر شفقت می‌باشد و بالعکس تأثیر درمان مبتنی بر شفقت بر آشفتگی زناشویی بیشتر از درمان وجودی می‌باشد. شایان ذکر است ماندگاری اثر درمان پس از دو ماه حفظ شده است (0/05›p).
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به یافته‌های پژوهش می‌توان برای افزایش بهزیستی روان‌شناختی و کاهش آشفتگی زناشویی از درمان وجودی و درمان مبتنی بر شفقت استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of the Effectiveness of Existential Therapy and Compassion-based therapy on Psychological Well-being and Marital Disturbance of Conflicting Women

نویسندگان [English]

  • ebrahim nameni 1
  • mahmoud jajarmi 2
  • ali akbar Soliemanian 3
1 Phd student, Department of Counseling, Bojnourd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, Bojnourd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Educational Sciences and Counseling, Faculty of Humanities, Bojnourd University, Bojnourd, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Existential therapy examines man's self-awareness and his ability to look beyond his own problems and existential issues.The purpose of this study is to investigate the comparison of the existential therapy effewctivity and compassion-based therapy on psychological well-being and marital disturbance of women with the marital conflict.
Materials and Methods: The research design was semi-experimental and pre-test, post-test and follow-up with the control group.The research community includes all married women who had referred to Sabzevar counseling centers in the first six months of 2019 due to marital disputes among them, 45 women were selected availabe. The experimental group was treated for 8 sessions of 90-minute weekly treatment and the witness group did not receive any intervention during this period.Schneider's marital confusion questionnaire(1997) and psychological well-being scale(1989) were the research tools. To analyze the data, a repeated measurement analysis of variance test and Ben Ferroni tracking test were used.
Results: Research findings showed that the impact of existential therapy on psychological well-being is more than compassion-based therapy and on the contrary, the effect of compassion-based therapy on marital confusion is more than existential therapy. It should be noted thatthe durability of treatment effect is maintained after two months.
Conclusion According to research findings, existential therapy and compassion-based therapy can be used to increase psychological well-being and reduce marital confusion.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Existential therapy
  • Compassion-based therapy
  • Psychological well-being
  • Marital distress
  • Conflicting women
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