بررسی ارتباط راهبردهای مقابله‌ای و بهزیستی روانشناختی دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سبزوار در دوران پاندمی کووید 19

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد مربی، گروه مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سبزوار، سبزوار، ایران

2 مربی، گروه مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سبزوار، سبزوار، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد اپیدمیولوژی ، گروه آمار و اپیدمیولوژی ،دانشکده بهداشت،مرکز تحقیقات بیماریهاى غیر واگیر دار، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سبزوار، سبزوار، ایران

4 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی سلامت، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

5 دانشجوی کارشناسی مامایی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سبزوار، سبزوار، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: با توجه به افزایش نگرانی در مورد بیماری همه‌گیر کووید 19، تعداد فزاینده‌ای از دانشگاه‌ها در سراسر جهان فعالیت‌های آموزشی خود را به تعویق انداخته یا لغو کرده‌اند. اقدامات پیشگیرانه و سختگیرانه ناشی از کووید19 سلامت روان و عملکرد روانی- اجتماعی افراد را به خطر انداخته است. این مطالعه با هدف تعیین ارتباط راهبردهای مقابله‌ای و بهزیستی روانشناختی و دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سبزوار در دوران پاندمی کووید 19 انجام شد.
مواد و روش‌ها:این مطالعه توصیفی- تحلیلی در سال 1400-1399 روی 126 نفر از دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سبزوار به روش نمونه­گیری به‌صورت در دسترس و آنلاین اجرا شد. ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات، پرسش‌نامه اطلاعات دموگرافیک، مقیاس بهزیستی روان‌شناختی ریف و سبک‌های مقابله‌ای بلینگز و­موس بود. آنالیز داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار spss (نسخه 24)، آزمون‌های توصیفی، تی­مستقل، آنالیز واریانس، پیرسون و رگرسیون خطی انجام شد.
یافته­ ها: بین میانگین نمره راهبردهای مقابله‌ای و بهزیستی روانشناختی، ارتباط معناداری مشاهده نشد (0/05>p ). نتیجه مطالعه نشان داد دانشجویان با سن بالاتر، سال تحصیلی بالاتر و دانشجویان با واحد کارآموزی در مقابله با استرس ناشی از کووید19، بیشتر از سبک مقابله‌ای مسئله‌مدار استفاده می‌کردند. نتایج آزمون تحلیل رگرسیون حاکی از آن بود که متغیرهای سن، سال و رشته تحصیلی از میان متغیرهای پیش‌بین دارای قدرت پیش‌بینی معناداری برای متغیر راهبرد مقابله‌ای هیجان‌مدار بودند.
نتیجه‌گیری: به دلیل بحران ناشی از کووید 19 و تأثیر آن بر سلامت روانی پیشنهاد می‌شود مدیران و برنامه‌ریزان آموزشی، با برگزاری کارگاه­ها و جلسات مشاوره برای دانشجویان باعث ارتقای راهبردهای مقابله‌ای مسئله‌مدار در دانشجویان شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Relationship between Coping Strategies and Psychological Well-Being of Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences Students during the Covid Pandemic 19

نویسندگان [English]

  • zahra zare 1
  • mina ghalenoei 2
  • neda magdavifar 3
  • nafise zare 4
  • sajede etemadi 5
1 Instructor, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
2 Instructor, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
3 Master of Epidemiology, Department of biostatistics and Epidemiology ,School of health,Non communicable DiseasesResearch Center, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
4 Master of Health Psychology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
5 Undergraduate student, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: An increasing number of universities around the world have postponed or canceled their teaching activities due to growing concerns about the Covid­19 epidemic.­Preventive measures following the Covid Crisis 19 endanger the mental health and psychosocial function of individuals.­The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between coping strategies and psychological well-being and students of Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences during the Covid­19 pandemic.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was performed on­126­students in­1399-1400­through available and online sampling.­ Data collection tools were demographic information questionnaire, Reef Psychological Well-Being Scale, and Blinges-Whames coping styles.­ Data analysis was performed using SPSS­software­(version­24),­descriptive tests, independent t-test, analysis of variance, Pearson and linear regression.
Results: The mean score of psychological well-being of the students participating in the study was 78/5± 81/67   &4/79% had high psychological well-being. The mean score of problem-oriented coping strategies of the students participating in the study was 04/3± 55/15and emotion-oriented strategies were 91/5± 43/18.There was no significant relationship between the mean total score of coping strategies and psychological well-being (0/05<p).The results of the study showed that students with older age, higher academic year and students with internship unit used more problem-oriented coping style in dealing with stress caused by Covid‌19.‌The results of regression analysis test showed that the variables of age, year and field of study among the predictor variables had significant predictive power for the emotion-oriented coping strategy variable.
Conclusion: Due to the crisis caused by covid19 and its impact on mental health, it is suggested that administrators and educational planners,‌by holding workshops and counseling sessions for students, promote problem-based coping strategies in students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Psychological well-being
  • coping strategy
  • Covid19
  • student
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