پیش‌بینی امید به زندگی براساس حمایت اجتماعی ادراک شده و سلامت روان در میان بهبودیافتگان بیماری کووید- 19

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد روانشناسی اجتماعی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور

2 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی سلامت، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، امارات.

3 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی سلامت، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور

چکیده

زمینه و هدف  بیماری کووید-19 با شیوع روزافزون خود و آسیب‌هایی که بر منابع جانی، مالی و روانشناختی وارد می‌کند، بسیار مورد بحث است؛ لذا، هدف پژوهش حاضر، پیش‌بینی امید به زندگی بر اساس حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده و سلامت روان در میان بهبودیافتگان بیماری کووید- 19 بود.
مواد و روش جامعه آماری پژوهش حاضر، 117 فرد بهبودیافته از بیماری کووید- 19 بود که بر اساس جدول مورگان 90 نفر از آنها حجم نمونه آماری پژوهش حاضر را تشکیل دادند. پژوهش حاضر در سال 1399 و در استان بوشهر انجام گرفت و نمونه‌گیری، بر اساس روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انجام گرفت. ابزار این پژوهش شامل سه پرسشنامه کتبی حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده زیمت (1988) (MSPSS)، سلامت روان گلدبرگ (1972)  (GHQ-12)و پرسشنامه امید به زندگی اشنایدر (1991) بود. پژوهش حاضر، مطالعه‌ای توصیفی است و برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از روش ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها نتایج حاصل نشان داد که حمایت اجتماعی ادراک شده و سلامت روان با امید به زندگی همبستگی دارند. همچنین مشخص شد که حمایت اجتماعی ادراک شده و سلامت روان به ترتیب 49 (0/000=P) و 36 درصد (0/006 =P) از تغییرات امید به زندگی را پیش‌بینی می‌کنند.
نتیجه‌گیری یافته‌های مطالعه حاضر، حاکی از آن است که با فراهم آوردن زمینه‌های مناسب برای بهبود کیفیت، تقویت و ایجاد شاخصه‌های حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده و سلامت روان در بهبودیافتگان از بیماری کووید- 19 می‌توان امید به زندگی را در آنها بهبود بخشید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Life expectancy predictions based on perceived social support and mental health among those recovering from covid-19 disease

نویسندگان [English]

  • majid saffari nia 1
  • fatemeh eisazadeh 2
  • zahra hamzehei 3
1 Professor of Social Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Payame Noor University
2 PhD student in Health Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Payame Noor University, Emirates
3 PhD student in Health Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Payame Noor University
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Covid-19 disease is highly debated with its increasing prevalence and the damage it inflicts on life, financial and psychological resources; so, The aim of the present study is to predict life expectancy based on perceived social support and mental health among those recovering from Covid-19 disease.
Materials and Methods: The statistical population of the present study was 117 people with improved covid-19 disease, 90 of whom were the statistical sample size of the present study according to Morgan table. The present study was conducted in 1399 in Bushehr province and sampling was done based on available sampling method. The study's tools included three written perceptions of perceived social support, Zimet (1988) (MSPSS), Goldberg's Mental Health (1972) (GHQ-12), and Snyder's Life Hope Questionnaire (1991). The present study was a descriptive study and Pearson correlation coefficient and regression analysis were used to analyze the data.
Results: The results showed that perceived social support and mental health are correlated with life expectancy. It was also found that perceived social support and mental health predicted 49(P=0/000) and 36(P=-0/006)  percent of life expectancy changes, respectively.
Conclusion: The findings of the present study indicate that by providing suitable grounds for improving quality, strengthening and creating the characteristics of perceived social support and mental health in those recovering from covid-19 disease, life expectancy can be expected in They improved

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Social Support
  • Mental Health؛ Life Expectancy؛ Covid- 19
[1]. Andrew J. New coronavirus can cause infections with no symptoms, studies show. STAT-US. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
[2]. Corona National Headquarters, April 17, 2020. http://www.president.ir. [Persian]
[3]. Hamshahri On line. Fifty-two percent of Corona patients in Tehran have mental health problems / gender and age: 2020. [Persian]
[4]. Sanderson C A. Health psychology. 2nd ed. New York: Wiley Global Education: 2012.
[5]. Benedict R H B. Predicting quality of life in multiple sclerosis: For physical disability, fatigue, cognition, mood disorder, personality, and behavior change. Journal of Neurological Science 2017; 231(1): 29- 34.
[6]. Roberts J E. Social support and personality in depression: Implications from quantitative genetics. In: Pierce GR, Lakey B, Sarason IG, Sarason BR (editors). Sourcebook of social support and personality. New York: Plenum 2019; 29: 187- 214.
[7]. Courtens A M. Longitudinal study and quality of life and social support in cancer patients. Cancer Nurs 2016; 3: 162169.
[8]. Jani M, Jamilian H, Aramoon A. Comparing Perceived Stress, Self-efficacy and Mental Health in Patients With HIV and Hepatitis C. J Arak Uni Med Sci 2017; 20 (9): 1221. [Persian]
[9]. World Health Organization Report. Mental health: New understanding, new hope. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization: 2001. https://www.who.int/whr/2001.
[10]. Rahimi E, Abyar Z, Homam Zakeri langroudi A, Zamani N. Comparison of General Health, Mental Health and Coping Strategies among Patients with Diabetes Type 1, 2 and Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. hrjbaq. 2017; 2 (1) :3341. [Persian]
[11]. Snyder C R, Yamhure L C. Heartland Forgiveness Scale. Unpublished manuscript, University Kansas, Lawrence: 2000.
[12]. Magyar-Moe J. Therapist's guide to positive psychological interventions: 2009. [13]. Movahedi M, Movahedi Y, Farhadi A. Effect of hope therapy training on life expectancy and general health in cancer patients. journal of HOLISTIC NURSING AND MIDWIFERY 2017; 25(76): 84-92. [Persian]
[14]. Bagheri Zanjani Asl Monfared L, Entesar Foumany G. The effectiveness of group based hope- therapy on increasing resilience and hope in life expectancy in patients with breast cancer. JHPM. 2016; 5 (4) :58-64. [Persian] [15]. Rahimi A, Khodabakhshi-Koolaee A, Falsafinejad MR. The Effectiveness of Group Hope-Therapy on Hope and Dysfunctional Attitudes in HIV Positive Patients. Journal of Health Chimes 2017; 5(2): 20-28. [Persian]
[16]. Samin T, Akhlaghi Kohpaei H. Prediction of Life Expectancy based on Quality of Life, Perceived Stress and Fatigue in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Journal of health psychology 2019; 8(29): 101-118. [Persian]
[17]. Zimet G D, Dahlem N W, Zimet S G, Farley G K. The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Journal of Personality Assessment 1988; 52: 30- 41.
[18]. Nasiri F, Abdolmalek S. EExplaining the Relationship between Perceived Social Support and Quality of Life, Perceived Stress Mediator Role in Female-Headed Households in Sanandaj. Journal of Applied Sociology 2016; 27(4): 99-116. [Persian]
[19]. Goldberg D P. The Detection of psychiatric Illness by Questionnaire. Muadsley Monograph, Oxford: Oxford University press 1972; 21.
[20]. Yaghubi H, Karimi M, Omidi A, Barouti E, Abedi M. Validity and Factor Structure of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ- 12) in University Students. Journal of Behavioral Sciences 2012; 6(2): 153-160. [Persian]
[21]. Aminpour H, Zare H. Psychological tests. Aeezh: 2013. [Persian]
[22]. Snyder C R, Harris C, Anderson J R, Holleran S, Irving L M, Sigmon S T & et al. The Will and the ways: Development and validation of an individual differences measure of hope. J Pers Soc Psychol 1991; 60(4): 807- 817.
[23]. Koohsarian P. Investigating the effect of hope therapy on reducing depression in diabetic women in Semnan Diabetes Research Center. Master Thesis, General Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University: 2008. [Persian]
[24]. Sedation S H, Mostajeran M, Ghamrani A. The comparative Analysis of hope and optimism among Normal students and those suffering from Hearing Impairment. Exceptional Education. 2012; 4 (112) :18-26. [Persian]
[25]. Beak L. Development through the lifespan. Arasbaran, 39: 2019.
[26]. Aliakbari dehkordi M, Eisazadeh F, Aghjanbaglu S. Psychological consequences of patients with coronavirus (COVID- 19): A Qualitative Study. Biquarterly Iranian Journal of Health Psychology 2020; 2(2). [Persian]
[27]. Alizadehfard S, Saffarinia M. The prediction of mental health based on the anxiety and the social cohesion that caused by Coronavirus. Social Psychology Research 2019; 36: 129-141.