اثربخشی درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر اضطراب امتحان و سرزندگی تحصیلی دانش‌آموزان دختر دوره دوم متوسطه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه رازی کرمانشاه

چکیده

چکیده
اهداف از جمله مشکلات دانش آموزان که بر عملکرد تحصیلی آنها تاثیر نا مطلوبی دارد اضطراب امتحان و نداشتن سرزندگی تحصیلی است. پژوهش حاضر به منظور بررسی اثربخشی درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر اضطراب امتحان و سرزندگی تحصیلی دانش‌آموزان انجام پذیرفت.
مواد و روش روش پژوهش از نوع نیمه آزمایشی با طرح پیش آزمون، پس آزمون و پیگیری با گروه کنترل بود. جامعه‌ی آماری پژوهش را کلیه‌ی دانش‌آموزان دختر مقطع دو متوسطه شهر کرمانشاه در سال تحصیلی 94-95 تشکیل می‌دادند که از میان آن‌ها با استفاده از روش نمونه گیری خوشه‌ای چند مرحله‌ای، 30 نفر از دانش‌آموزان به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل جایگزین شدند. در گروه آزمایش مداخله مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد، در 5 هفته پیاپی، هفته ای دو جلسه ارائه شد. برای گرد آوری داده‌ها، آزمودنی‌ها پرسشنامه اضطراب امتحان ساراسون (1984) و سرزندگی تحصیلی دهقانی و حسین چاری (1391) را در سه مرحله پیش آزمون، پس آزمون و پیگیری یک ماه و نیمه تکمیل کردند. داده‌ها از طریق تحلیل کوواریانس تک متغیری مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته‌ها نتایج نشان داد اندازه اثر متغیر های اضطراب امتحان در پس آزمون(93%) و پیگیری ( 83 % ) و در متغیر سرزندگی تحصیلی در پس آزمون( 64%) مرحله پیگیری( 61 %) است(001/0< p).
نتیجه گیری بر اساس یافته ها در گروه آزمایش در مقایسه با گروه کنترل، اضطراب امتحان در زمان پس آزمون و پیگیری به طور معنادار کاهش و سرزندگی تحصیلی افزایش یافته است. یافته‌های این پژوهش نقش و اهمیت درمان پذیرش وتعهد در کاهش اضطراب امتحان و افزایش سرزندگی تحصیلی را خاطر نشان می‌سازد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Based on acceptance and commitment therapy on test anxiety and academic buoyancy female secondary school

نویسندگان [English]

  • azam abdali
  • mohsen golmohammadin
  • alireza rashidi
Razi University of Kermanshah
چکیده [English]

Background Among the problems of students who have an unpleasant effect on their academic performance is the test anxiety and lack of academic buoyancy. The purpose of present study was investigation the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy on test anxiety and academic buoyancy of female students. Material & Methods The research type was semi experimental with design with pre-test and follow-up design 30 female students were chosen randomly and assigned into tow control and experimental. Experimental group received 8 sessions Intervention based on acceptance and commitment 2 times weekly. Instrument was Sarason test anxiety (1984) and academic buoyancy Hosin chari (2012) questionnaire. The multivariate analysis of covariance was used to data analysis. Results. Findings showed that effect size in test anxiety variable was (post-test=.93, follow-up =.83) and in academic buoyancy was (posttest =.64, follow-up =.61) (p≥.001). Conclusion in according to results There is significant difference in test anxiety and academic buoyancy between experimental and control groups in post-test and follow-up stage. In whole The results indicated the role and importance of acceptance and commitment in promoting test anxiety and academic buoyancy in students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)
  • Test anxiety
  • academic buoyancy
  • Students
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