عنوان مقاله [English]
Background & Objectives:Urolithiasis is a worldwide problem. Kidney stones have different chemical components. Calcareous stones are still by far the most common nephroliths accounting to more than 80% of stones. In Iranian folk medicine, many plants are used for treatment of kidney stones. In the present study, effect oral treatment of Allium porrum L. seeds hydro-methanolic extract on number of calcium oxalate crystals was studied in ethylene glycol-induced kidney stone in male rats.
Materials and Methods: Hydro-methanolic extract of plant at doses of 100, 200 and 300 mg/kg were prepared. Crystallization of calcium oxalate was induced by adding ammonium chloride and ethylene glycol in drinking water for 3 and 35 days, respectively. Control group was treated by drinking water. Experimental groups were treated by plant extract at different doses for 35 days, in drinking water. After 38 days, animals were anesthetized by either and blood sampling was done by heart. Liver and left kidney were removed, weighted and put in buffered formaldehyde. Specimens were prepared for histological studies and stained by H&E staining method. Number of calcium oxalate crystals and serum parameters were measured.
Results: The present results showed that treatment of extract decreased kidney coefficient, number of crystals in kidney sections, serum aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, creatinine levels, while increased serum total protein level in treated experimental animals in comparison with control group.
Conclusion: The plant could be as a good candidate to prevent formation of calcium oxalate crystals in kidney.