بررسی اضطراب مرگ در دانشجویان فوریت پزشکی و تکنسین های اورژانس سبزوار در سال 1392

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت علمی

2 کارشناس فوریت پزشکی

3 کارشناسی ارشد اپیدمیولوژی

4 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد

5 مدیر درمان

چکیده

مقدمه:اضطراب مرگ به عنوان ترس از مردن خود و دیگران تعریف می‌گردد. آگاهی از مرگ غیرقابل گریز بوده و اضطراب همراه آن به رفتارهای گوناگونی منجر می‌شود . در این میان مراقبین بهداشتی درمانی بیش از سایرین در معرض این نوع اضطراب قرار دارند.به ویژه زمانی که مرگ ناگهانی و غیرمنتظره‌ای روی می-دهد، اختلال عملکرد واضحی در میان کارکنان بخش اورژانس دیده می‌شود.این پژوهش با هدف بررسی اضطراب مرگ و عوامل مرتبط با آن در دانشجویان فوریت پزشکی و تکنسین های اورژانس انجام گردید.
مواد وروش‌ها: مطالعه حاضر از نوع توصیفی- تحلیلی مقطعی و نمونه گیری به روش سرشماری بود، که بر روی 157 نفر تکنسین اورژانس (75 نفر)‌و دانشجویان فوریت پزشکی(82 نفر)شهرستان‌سبزوار انجام شد. ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات در این پژوهش، پرسشنامه‌ی دو قسمتی شامل مشخصات فردی- اجتماعی و عوامل موثر بر میزان اضطراب مرگ و پرسشنامه استاندارد اضطراب مرگ تمپلر بود. داده‌ها از طریق نرم افزار آماری Spssبااستفاده از آزمون‌های تی تست، همبستگی و رگرسیون تجزیه و تحلیل گردید.
نتایج: یافته‌ها نشان داد بین میانگین نمره اضطراب مرگ دانشجویان فوریت (6/2±41/.24) و تکنسین‌های اورژانس (7/6±27/26) تفاوت آماری معنی‌داری وجود دارد( 0.000=P). همچنین میانگین اضطراب مرگ در دانشجویان با تاهل، وضعیت استخدامی، مدرک تحصیلی، سن و شغل (دانشجو / تکنسین) (0.000=p) رابطه آماری معنی دار داشت و در تکنسین‌های اورژانس میانگین اضطراب مرگ با حیات والدین (0.088>P )، علاقه به رشته و تعداد نوبت‌های کاری و ماموریتها ( 0.123>P )رابطه آماری معنی دار نبود.
بحث ونتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به اینکه اضطراب مرگ بر کیفیت عملکرد و سلامت پرسنل علوم پزشکی تاثیر گذار است، لذا توجه به میزان شیوع آن و ارائه راهکارهای تعدیل آن ضروریست. سیستم های حمایتی از کادر اورژانس و فوریت پزشکی باید وارد عمل شده و در حیطه‌ی آموزشی نیز تکنیک‌های مقابله با استرس و اضطراب آموزش داده شود.
واژگان کلیدی:اضطراب مرگ، اضطراب، دانشجو، فوریتپزشکی، تکنسین اورژانس

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Death anxiety in students of medical emergency and emergency technicians of Sabzevar in 1392

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hajar Sadeghi 1
  • Mahmoud Hoseinzade 2
  • Masoud Bahrami 3
  • Fatemeh Mehrabi 4
  • Reza forozan 5
1 Instructor, Faculty Member of Khomein University of Medical Sciences, Khomein, Iran/Ph.D. Student of Nursing, Student Research Committee, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Bachelor of Emergency Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3 MSc Epidemiology, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran
4 . Instructor, MSc in Nursing, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
5 General physician, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The death anxiety is defined as the fear of your death and others’. Being aware of death is inescapable the anxiety beside that leads to different behaviors and the health care workers are exposed to this kind of anxiety more than others. Especially when a sudden and unexpected death occurs and a wide obvious malfunction is seen in the emergency department staffs. Study examined the factors associated with death anxiety in students of medical emergencies and emergency technicians performed.
Methods: The cross-sectional study was done on157students in Sabzevar, 75 emergency technicians and 82 emergency medical students. Sampling was done using enumeration and gathering information took place by a two-part questionnaire including demographic characteristics and factors affecting on the level of death anxiety and Templer’s standard questionnaire of death anxiety. The data was analyzed by Spss statistics software using T-test, correlation and regression.
Results: The results showed that there’s a significant difference(P=0/000)between the medical emergency students’ mean score of death anxiety (6/2 ± 41/24) and the emergency technicians (7.6 ± 27/26). The mean score has also a significant statistical relationship with the students’ marital status, employment status, educational certification, age and occupation (student / technician) (P=0/000) but in emergency technicians, the mean score didn’t have a significant statistical relationship with the parents’s (P<0/088), being interested in the major, the number of work shifts and missions (P<0/123).
Conclusion:

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • death anxiety
  • student
  • emergency medical
  • emergency technician
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